CREATE USER


create_user_stmt:

create_user_stmt ::= 'CREATE USER' user_name 'IDENTIFIED BY' password


The syntax for creating a user is:

-- Example
CREATE USER new_user IDENTIFIED BY password

Index



DROP USER


drop_user_stmt:

drop_user_stmt ::= 'DROP USER' user_name


The syntax for deleting a user is as follows. The SYS user can not be deleted, and if there is a table already created by the user to be deleted, an error is displayed.

-- Example
DROP USER old_user


ALTER USER


alter_user_pwd_stmt:

alter_user_pwd_stmt ::= 'ALTER USER' user_name 'IDENTIFIED BY' password


The user can change the password through the following syntax.

-- Example 
ALTER USER user1 IDENTIFIED BY password


CONNECT


user_connect_stmt:


user_connect_stmt: 'CONNECT' user_name '/' password


The user can reconnect to another user via the following syntax without terminating the application.

CONNECT user1/password;


Managing User Example


Here is an example of the above query and its results.

############################################
# Connect with SYS account
############################################
Mach> create user demo identified by 'demo';
Created successfully.

Mach> drop user demo;
Dropped successfully.

Mach> create user demo1 identified by 'demo1';
Created successfully.

Mach> create user demo2 identified by 'demo2';
Created successfully.

Mach> alter user demo2 identified by 'demo22';
Altered successfully.

Mach> create table demo1_table (id integer);
Created successfully.

Mach> create bitmap index demo1_table_index1 on demo1_table(id);
Created successfully.

Mach> insert into demo1_table values(99991);
1 row(s) inserted.

Mach> insert into demo1_table values(99992);
1 row(s) inserted.

Mach> insert into demo1_table values(99993);
1 row(s) inserted.

Mach> select * from demo1_table;
ID
--------------
99993
99992
99991
[3] row(s) selected.

#Error: Can't drop the user connected.
Mach> drop user SYS;
[ERR-02083 : Drop user error. You cannot drop yourself(SYS).]

############################################
# Connect DEMO1
############################################
Mach> connect demo1/demo1;
Connected successfully.

#Error: can't alter other's account password
Mach> alter user demo2 identified by 'demo22';
[ERR-02085 : ALTER user error. The user(DEMO2) does not have ALTER privileges.]

Mach> alter user demo1 identified by demo11;
Altered successfully.

Mach> connect demo2/demo22;
Connected successfully.

#Error: wrong password
Mach> connect demo1/demo11234;
 [ERR-02081 : User authentication error. Invalid password (DEMO11234).]

# Correct password
Mach> connect demo1/demo11;
Connected successfully.

Mach> create table demo1_table (id integer);
Created successfully.

Mach> create bitmap index demo1_table_index1 on demo1_table(id);
Created successfully.

Mach> insert into demo1_table values(1);
1 row(s) inserted.

Mach> insert into demo1_table values(2);
1 row(s) inserted.

Mach> insert into demo1_table values(3);
1 row(s) inserted.

Mach> select * from demo1_table;
ID
--------------
3
2
1
[3] row(s) selected.

Mach> select * from demo1.demo1_table;
ID
--------------
3
2
1
[3] row(s) selected.

############################################
# Connect SYS again
############################################
Mach> connect SYS/MANAGER;
Connected successfully.

Mach> select * from demo1_table;
ID
--------------
99993
99992
99991
[3] row(s) selected.

Mach> select * from demo1.demo1_table;
ID
--------------
3
2
1
[3] row(s) selected.

Mach> drop user demo1;
[ERR-02084 : DROP user error. The user's tables still exist. Drop those tables first.]

Mach> connect demo1/demo11;
Connected successfully.

Mach> drop table demo1_table;
Dropped successfully.

Mach> connect SYS/MANAGER;
Connected successfully.

Mach> drop user demo1;
Dropped successfully.
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